TOK Sampler Human Sciences explores different aspects of the Human Sciences as an area of knowledge.
UCLA historian Nile Green describes how deliberately changing our vocabulary forces us to deepen our cultural understanding.
Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck describes how a debilitating fixed mindset bias can be inadvertently reinforced by praising someone in the wrong way.
York psychologist Ellen Bialystok on how neuroplasticity directly addresses the debate of to what extent our thoughts are influenced by the language we speak.
Emory University primatologist Frans de Waal investigates the extent to which our moral judgements can be extended to other animals.
Princeton physicist Paul Steinhardt’s remarkable discovery of natural quasicrystals demonstrates the importance that persistence plays in scientific breakthroughs.
Award-winning poet & historian Jennifer Michael Hecht describes how the quest for scientific knowledge is often much less objective than many of us appreciate.
University of Michigan Business Professor Andy Hoffman urges us to profoundly re-examine what it means to be environmentally sustainable.
Tufts University philosopher Brian Epstein explains why many models of the social world are so frequently wrong.
From Galileo to Kepler, Newton to Einstein, the most successful natural scientists in history have all tended to buck the established wisdom of their day as they boldly led us towards profoundly deeper levels of understanding about the world around us.
Extending Experience emphasizes the vital role our past experiences play in shaping our current understanding.
Testing Theories investigates ten different perspectives associated with the process of gaining knowledge by testing our theories.
Encountering Assumptions highlights the numerous biases and assumptions that are regularly encountered during the search for knowledge.
Personal Perspectives offers candid glimpses of the motivations, passions and frustrations of a variety of researchers at the front lines of knowledge.
Making Models examines various aspects of how models are constructed and applied across different disciplines in the arts and sciences.